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Egypt Military


The Egyptian Armed Forces are the largest in Africa, and the Arab World, and is the 10th largest in the world, consisting of the Egyptian Army, Egyptian Navy, Egyptian Air Force and Egyptian Air Defence Command.

In addition, Egypt maintains large paramilitary forces. The Central Security Forces comes under the control of the Ministry of Interior. The Egyptian Border Guard Forces and the Egyptian National Guard, comes under the control of the Ministry of Defence.

The Egyptian Armed Forces have a combined troop strength of around 450,000 active personnel. According to the Israeli chair of the former Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defence Committee, Yuval Steinitz, the Egyptian Air Force has roughly the same number of modern warplanes as the Israeli Air Force and far more Western tanks, artillery, anti-aircraft batteries and warships than the IDF.

To bolster stability and moderation in the region, Egypt has provided military assistance and training to a number of other African and Arab states. Although not a NATO member, Egypt remains a strong military and strategic partner and is a participant in NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue forum.

The Egyptian military has recently undergone massive modernisation, mostly in its Air Force. Egypt is speculated by Israel to be the second country in the region with a spy satellite, EgyptSat 1, and is planning to launch three more satellites (DesertSat1, EgyptSat2 & DesertSat2) over the next two years.

The United States provides an annual military assistance, which in 2009 amounted to $ 1.3 billion (inflation adjusted $ 1.41 billion in 2012).

An Overview

Military branches :
Army, Navy, Air Force, Air Defence Command

Military service age and obligation :
18-30 years of age for male conscript military service; service obligation - 18-36 months, followed by a 9-year reserve obligation; voluntary enlistment possible from age 16 (2012)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 21,012,199
females age 16-49: 20,145,021 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:
males age 16-49: 18,060,543
females age 16-49: 17,244,838 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 783,405
female: 748,647 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures :
3.4% of GDP (2005 est.)





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