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Egypt Population
 
 
 

General

The population of Egypt in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 74,033,000, which placed it at number 16 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 5% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 36% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 101 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-2010 was expected to be 2.0%, a rate the government viewed as too high. The projected population for the year 2025 was 101,092,000. The population density was 74 per km² (191 per mi²). However, populated areas constitute only 6% of Egypt's total area and density varies from 84,150 per km² (32,500 per mi²) in Cairo to 60 per km² (23 per mi²) in the Suez governate. Some 99% of all Egyptians live in the Nile Valley.

The UN estimated that 43% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 2.39%. The capital city Cairo, had a population of 10,834,000 in that year. Alexandria's metropolitan population was 12,036,000. Other large cities include Giza (Al-Jizah), 2,597,000; Shubra El-Khemia, 1,556,000; Port Said, 548,900; and Suez, 497,000.

An Overview :

Population :
83,688,164 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure :
0-14 years: 32.7% (male 13,725,282/female 13,112,157)
15-64 years: 62.8% (male 26,187,921/female 25,353,947)
65 years and over: 4.5% (male 1,669,313/female 2,031,016) (2011 est.)

Median age :
total: 24.6 years
male: 24.3 years
female: 24.9 years (2012 est.))

Population growth rate :
1.922% (2012 est.)

Birth rate :
24.22 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate :
4.8 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate :
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanisation
urban population: 43.4% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 2.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
Cairo (capital) 10.902 million; Alexandria 4.387 million (2009)

Sex ratio :
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)


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